Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, where it is used as fuel for energy. Insulin is vital for life. Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrate and is also produced by the liver. If someone has diabetes, the body cannot make proper use of the glucose so it builds up in the blood and can’t be used as fuel. The goals of diabetes treatment are to control the blood glucose levels and prevent complications that can arise due to diabetes.
Types of diabetes• Type 1 diabetes• Type 2 diabetes Treatment for Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes develops when the insulin-producing cells in the body have been destroyed and the body is unable to produce any insulin. Type 1 diabetes is treated by daily insulin doses which are either taken either by injections or by an insulin pump.
Type 2 diabetes develops when there is no enough insulin in the body. The cells are only partially unlocked and glucose builds up in the blood. Type 2 diabetes can be treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity. In addition medication or insulin is often required.
• Diet: If a person is suffering from type 1 or types 2 diabetes, it is important to have a balanced diet. Following a meal plan can also help you lose weight and lower your risk of developing complications. Diet and regular exercise are very important. The diabetic diet should be balanced, nutritious, and low in fat and cholesterol.
• Physical Activity: Physical activity or regular exercise plays an important part in controlling diabetes and preventing complications and diseases such as heart disease or high blood pressure. Exercise is a very effective way to help bring blood sugars under control for someone with type 2 diabetes. 30 minutes of moderate exercise, like brisk walking regularly can help in controlling diabetes.
• Medications: In any individual has type 2 diabetes than a healthy diet and regular exercises are not enough. The doctors may prescribe oral medication to control the blood glucose levels. Insulin is the most common type of medications to treat diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar. There are many types of insulin such as rapid-acting, short-acting, intermediate-acting, long-acting, and pre-mixed which are prescribed by the doctors which depend from patient to patients.
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